Release date 2016/12/12 14:12:35 Update date 2019/05/16 11:35:56

Work Overview

  1. Investigation and Seizure of Drugs

  2. Investigation status

In 2017, the Bureau solved a total of 133 cases and apprehended 167 suspects (including 12 foreigners). In particular, 24 cases were investigated from spontaneous discovery and reporting and rest 109 cases were seized by the Customs Administration, Ministry of Finance and transferred to MJIB for investigation. The gross weight (same below) of seizures of the drugs was 3,846.382 kilograms. Eleven drug laboratories were raided, including 2 Schedule-2 drug methamphetamine laboratories, 2 Marijuana laboratories, 1 MDMA laboratory, 2 dream coffee drug laboratories, 3 ketamine laboratories, and 1 hydroxyimine hydrochloride laboratory. Compared with 2016, when 291 cases were investigated, 305 suspects apprehended and a total of 3,925.772 kilograms of drugs were seized, 7 drug laboratories were raided (3 Schedule-2 Drug Methamphetamine laboratories, 1 MDMA laboratory, and 3 Marijuana laboratories), the number of drug laboratories increased by 4, while the numbers of drug cases, suspects and seizures were all reduced due to the type of drug crimes (manufacturing, transportation, and sale) investigated by the Bureau. In 2017, 183 cases involving 135 people (mostly foreign workers) mailing medicines with Schedule-4 drugs from other countries were seized by the Customs Administration (mostly foreign workers), which are not included in this annual report.

  1. Focus of investigations

The following is the ranking for the number of cases solved in 2017 in descending order: Marijuana-55 cases, Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB)-23 cases, Ketamine-14 cases, Opium poppy-5 cases, Methamphetamine and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-6 cases each, Cocaine-5 cases, heroin-3 cases, Nimetazepam and Tramadol-2 cases each, and Psilocine, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Methoxymethamphetamine (MMA), Cathine, Methylpentedrone (MPD), Chloroethcathinone (CEC), hydroxylimine HCL, and Chloropseudoephedrine-1 case each. The amounts of seizure are Chloropseudoephedrine 1,260KG, Nimetazepam 883.09KG, Ketamine 814.79KG, Marijuana 400.9KG, Methamphetamine (including solvents) 315.84KG, hydroxylimine HCL 70.35KG, Heroin 47.66KG, Cathine 17.85KG, MMA 15.07KG, CEC 7.59KG, MPD 5.02KG, 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) 3.59KG, Opium poppy 2.75KG, Cocaine 0.74KG, GHB 0.71KG, Psilocine 0.20KG, and Tetrahydrocannabinol 0.13KG (Table 2-1). Heroin, methamphetamine, and Ketamine still account for the most serious threats to citizens of Taiwan and are the primary target of MJIB’s investigations. Notwithstanding that the amount of Marijuana has increased drastically and the amount of Chloropseudoephedrine for manufacturing amphetamine continues to increase.

List of Drug-related Cases Completed and Drugs Seized by the Bureau in 2017

Schedule

Name of Drugs

Cases

Percentage %

Seizure (grams)

Percentage %

Notes

Schedule-1 Drugs

Cocaine

5

3.76

736.10

0.02

 

Heroin

3

2.26

47,659.00

1.24

 

Schedule-2 Drugs

Marijuana

55

41.35

400,898.59

10.42

 

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)

6

4.51

3,592.58

0.09

 

Methamphetamine

6

4.51

315,838.77

8.21

 

Opium poppy

9

6.77

2750.10

0.07

 

Psilocine

1

0.75

203.93

0.01

 

Tetrahydrocannabinol

1

0.75

125.54

0.00

 

Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB)

23

17.29

712.63

0.02

 

Methoxymethamphetamine (MMA)

1

0.75

15,071.00

0.39

 

Schedule-3 Drugs

Cathine

1

0.75

17,850.00

0.46

 

Ketamine

14

10.53

814,792.27

21.18

 

4-Bromo-2, 5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B)

0

0.00

3.43

0.00

 

Nimetazepam

2

1.50

883,090.00

22.96

 

Methylpentedrone (MPD)

1

0.75

5,018.00

0.13

 

Chloroethcathinone (CEC)

1

0.75

7,591.00

0.20

 

Schedule-4 Drugs

Alprazolam

0

0.00

0.56

0.00

 

Clonazepam

0

0.00

14.80

0.00

 

Tramadol

2

1.50

86.41

0.00

 

Schedule-4 Drugs Precursor Materials

Hydroxylimine HCL

1

0.75

70,347.00

1.83

 

Chloropseudoephedrine

1

0.75

1,260,000.00

32.76

 

Total

133

100.00

3,846,381.71

100.00

 

  1. International and Cross-strait Collaboration

Drug-related issues and the continuous spread of drugs have drawn extensive attention from the international communities throughout the world. All nations review drug-related crime as one of the serious threats to public order and regard drug offenses as key targets of investigations and seizures. In view of the gravity of drugs to countries worldwide and cross-border nature of drug-related crimes, drug-related criminal activities cannot be tackled by one country alone. As a result, the global communities have already reached a consensus on international collaboration to combat drug-related crimes. Taiwan is surrounded by water on all sides, and drugs primarily come from outside of its borders. In recent years, situations of narcotics hazard have not been mitigated while working together with the international communities to combat the proliferation of drugs becomes an indispensable part of Taiwan’s anti-drugs efforts, which is also Taiwan’s obligation as a member of the international community.

The Bureau follows government policy directives and the philosophy of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, using the principles of equality, mutual trust, reciprocity, and mutual benefit to actively establish channels of contact and cooperation with equivalent foreign organizations. Today the Bureau has established contact channels with 27 countries or regions in Europe, America, Hong Kong, Macao, Southeast Asia, and Northeast Asia. In 2017, the Bureau has already exchanged data for 299 cases with offshore drug enforcements, conducted the work meeting with 30 people through 6 sessions, appointed two personel to participate in two international meetings, and collaborated in investigation for 5 cases, and apprehended 35 suspects. The Bureau has seized a variety of drugs (heroin, Methamphetamine, Ephedrine, Ketamine, and Erimine) in the amount of 2,676.5 kilograms. In particular, the Bureau has collaborated with Philippine Drugs Enforcement Agency (PDEA), Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division of Royal Malaysia Police (NCID), Directorate General of Customs and Excise (DGCE), Australian Federal Police (AFP), and Anti-smuggling Department of General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China on the investigation of one case each.

  1. Custody and Handling of Drugs

The Bureau has established the drug custody warehouse pursuant to the provisions prescribed in “Regulations Governing the Seized Narcotics Handling Process Control Operations” approved by the Executive Yuan on July 15th, 1993 for collectively custody and handling of all drug exhibits transferred from the seizure by judicial and military agencies. After the promulgation of “Narcotics Hazard Prevention Act” on May 20th, 1998, the aforementioned control operation guidelines were revised to “Regulations Governing the Seized Drugs Handling Process Control Operations.” The previous “narcotics” for custody and handling were revised to the custody and handling of nine items of Schedule 1 Drugs including heroin, morphine and cocaine and the 8 items of drugs such as opium poppy, cocaine and Marijuana as listed in Schedule 2 Drug. Each year, the Bureau cooperates with the “National Anti-Drug Meeting” to destroy the previous drug evidences that have been ruled for disposition, advocating via news media to expand the effectiveness in combat against drugs.